Trauma surgery is a surgery to fix a broken bone using metal screws, pins, rods, or plates to hold the bone in place. It is also known as open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) surgery. Trauma surgery is used when a broken bone does not heal properly with casting or splinting alone. Improper healing that requires ORIF surgery can occur in cases of compound fractures and fractures that involve joints, such as wrists and ankles. Trauma repair surgery can take several hours. The surgeon begins by making an incision in the skin above the fracture. The fractured bone is then set into place using metal screws, pins, rods, or plates to secure the bone in place. These can be either temporary or permanent.

Advantage: Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) can offer several benefits compared to conservative treatment, because athletes can get back on the field sooner.


Why would I need an operation for a fracture, rather than a cast?

Whether you need surgery to treat a fracture or a cast depends on the type of fracture you have and where it is. Some fractures don’t heal well if they are treated using a cast.

How do fractures heal?

Our body reacts to a fracture by protecting the injured area with a blood clot and fibrous tissue. Bone cells begin forming on the either side of the fracture line. These cells grow towards each other and thus close the fracture.

Why are physiotherapy and exercises so important?

Physiotherapy and exercise can build up strength in your bones and muscles, which will help you to get back full movement in your arm or leg.